Precision Agriculture

Smart-FarmingMotion Tracking technology for precision agriculture and smart farming

The technological advances in precision agriculture and smart farming are following each other in a rapid pace. The wide variety of innovations include individual crop fertilization, precision navigation and autonomous food dispensing. In many of these applications, an IMU plays an important role.

Precision Agriculture

332244_Xsens_MTi-1_Agriculture

One of the first applications that springs to mind when speaking about precision agriculture or smart farming is navigating machines that drive on the fields for automation and efficiency. These can be harvesters, combines, fertilizers, ploughs and more. Most of these machines have an accurate GPS system, which allows the driver to know the location of the vehicle and to prevent double fertilization or missing a spot. However, there are several limiting factors to GPS that can be easily solved using IMUs or AHRSs. Xsens is one of the leading innovators in this technology, the MTi 1-series IMU/AHRS is designed with the precision agriculture developments in mind.

Compensation for antenna placement

The GPS antenna on agricultural vehicles is placed on top of the vehicle. With the height of the vehicle being more than several meters and the terrain being uneven, the discrepancy between the phase center of the antenna and the exact location of the vehicle on the ground can be tens of centimeters. Tilting or pitching 5 deg at a height of 4 meter yields a discrepancy of 35 cm. The GPS systems used in agriculture typically have accuracies of 1-5 cm, so determining the pitch and roll is a necessity.

Accurately steering a 180 deg turn

When going over the field, the machine drives a straight line up to the side of the field, then makes a 180 deg turn and drives a straight line back. Making the turn of 180 deg is something that cannot be determined with the GPS at the time of the actual turn. In order to determine heading with GPS, there must be a translating movement (a rotational movement on the spot is not sufficient). An IMU or AHRS, such as the MTi-1, is excellent for this purpose and can bring the vehicle on the new track.

GPS outages

Although not very likely as crops needs sun, there is the change of foliage on or around fields. This will result in GPS outages. These GPS outages can be compensated for with an IMU or AHRS. A smooth transition between the GPS position and the position in the GPS-denied environment is crucial. The Xsens IMUs offer timing and synchronization options, so that data can easily be merged.

DronesFlying with an octocopter for video and photo productions

Another interesting field of interest are drones. Airplanes are used in various situations, though mainly for fertilization. Drones offer the possibility to fertilize the crops after examination of the individual plants. For example size and color can be determined, so that the right amount of fertilizer can be applied. This will result in a lower use of fertilizer and healthier food production. The MTi 1-series is an excellent product for drones navigation and stabilization. When pointing the camera to the ground, it is necessary to know what the camera is filming. At a height of 10 meters, an error of 5 deg results in a 90 cm error. This can be the difference between the different rows.

Indoor robotics

Food dispensing
Cattle in barns can receive their food in the paths between the areas for the animals. Sticking their heads through the fence, they can reach the hay that it is piled up against the fence. However, while eating, the hay will be pushed away from the fence so that the cattle can no longer reach it. A farmer will be needed to push back the hay towards the fence. In larger barns, this is more and more being automated, where an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) with a rotating hood swipes the hay to the fence. For the navigation and the correct distance from the fence, the UGV carries an IMU amongst other sensor systems.
Barn cleaning
On the other side of the fence, the cattle will defecate which will result in a slippery and dangerous floor. In order to remove this, a robot will sweep the barn and remove the excrements into the floor or drains. An IMU is essential to keep track.

Cases for Precision Agriculture

ACSL Autonomous Aerial Drone – Leading the Industrial Revolution of the Skies
MiniSurveyer Drone
ACSL Autonomous Aerial Drone - Leading the Industrial Revolution of the Skies
Live Xsens motion capture for Shakespeare play
Shakespeare motion capture
Live Xsens motion capture for Shakespeare play
Real-time multifloor pedestrian tracking with a single Xsens MTw Awinda IMU
Pedestrian Dead Reackoning (PDR)
Real-time multifloor pedestrian tracking with a single Xsens MTw Awinda IMU
Vector.ai: Shaping the future for autonomous driving
Vector.ai
Shaping the future for autonomous driving
LawBreakers by Boss Key: Producing high level triple-A content with a very small team
Boss Key - LawBreakers
Producing high level triple-A content with a very small team
Motion Capture added to California State University’s Summer Arts Program
California State University
Motion Capture added to California State University’s Summer Arts Program
Fragments of Him
Fragment of Him
Award winning indie game
Fast-track your Research & Development in Autonomous Driving
Autonomous Driving
Fast-track your R&D in autonomous driving
Xsens Motion Capture Animation Comes to Chico State
Chico State
Putting Chico State at the leading edge with Xsens mocap
Xsens MVN brings DJ performance into the Future at UploadVR’s E3 after party
UploadVR E3 party
Live motion capture entertainment
Double Negative fully integrates Xsens in their pipeline
Double Negative
Double Negative fully integrates Xsens in their pipeline
Reliability. You value it when you don’t have it
Virtual Reality experience
Reliability. You value it when you don’t have it
Xsens MTi 1-series provides precise attitude report for Blueprint Subsea beacons
Blueprint Subsea beacons
Acoustic tracking and data-modem beacon solution with Xsens MTi-3 AHRS
Aerodynamic validation of solar vehicle Nuna8 with Xsens
Nuon Solar Team
World Solar Challenge winner used the Xsens MTi-G-700 to validate the aerodynamic design
PowerPlane – an autonomous aircraft that converts wind into electricity
PowerPlane
An autonomous aircraft that converts wind into electricity
Rowing with Xsens MVN BIOMECH
Rowing with Xsens MVN BIOMECH
Researching an application for coaching in competitive rowing
Ted 2: Using Xsens for the grand dance opening scene
Ted 2
The grand dance opening scene
Cinematic teaser for mobile game War 1937
War 1937
Cinematic teaser for mobile game War 1937
Trajectory stabilization of the  Stratos II+ rocket using the Xsens MTi-100
Trajectory stabilization
Trajectory stabilization of the Stratos II+ rocket using the Xsens MTi-100
Chapman University’s Dodge College of Film and Media Arts equips animation students with the latest Xsens MVN technology
Chapman University
Animation students with the latest Xsens MVN technology
Mocap with a Cause: Amnesty International Uses Xsens MVN motion capture to Prove a Point
Amnesty International viral video
Mocap with a Cause: Amnesty International Uses Xsens MVN motion capture to Prove a Point
The homebrew MoCap behind “The Leviathan”
The Leviathan
The homebrew MoCap behind “The Leviathan”
Full body motion capture of an entire ski jump
Ski jump
Full body motion capture of an entire ski jump
Real-time 3D animations for live motion capture
Premium ARTS
Real-time 3D animations for live motion capture
The Inheritance
The Inheritance
A real-time art performing project
The Wrestlers
The Wrestlers
Creating a 3D sculpture of wrestlers bodies in motion
Aeroprobe Micro Air Data System Incorporates MTi-G-700 for UAV Applications
UAV Applications
Aeroprobe Micro Air Data System Incorporates MTi-G-700 for UAV Applications
Dragon Slayer – NHTV
Dragon Slayer project
Creating the 'Dragon Slayer' animation - by NHTV students
Ashton Kutcher Experience by DAQRI
Ashton Kutcher Experience
DAQRI developed a cutting-edge, photorealistic augmented reality experience
Kitepower 2.0 – Airborne Wind Energy at its finest
Kite Power
Airborne Wind Energy at its finest
Inertial Body Tracking for Affective Computing using AutoBAP
Affective Computing
Inertial Body Tracking for Affective Computing using AutoBAP
To freeze or not to freeze: A motion-capture approach to detecting deceit
Full body lie detection
To freeze or not to freeze: A motion-capture approach to detecting deceit
Mapping Indoor Environments based on Human Activity
Human mapping
Mapping Indoor Environments based on Human Activity
RIF e.V. – Institute for Research and Transfer applies MVN BIOMECH
Analyse manual work processes
Simulations of hybrid work processes with direct human robot collaboration
Variability Of Selected Kinematic Indicators In The Shot Put As The Effect Of Technique
Shot put techniques analysis
Variability of selected kinematic indicators in the shot put as the effect of technique
Motion Capture for The Zombies
Motion Capture for The Zombies
An animated video by Pixelhunters for the game The Zombies
Evaluation of shoulder load in innovative order pick workstations
Order pick workstations
Evaluation of shoulder load in innovative order pick workstations
Beaming – Combining virtual reality, tracking and teleoperation technology
Beaming
Combining virtual reality, tracking and teleoperation technology
Robo Sally – Bomb disposal robot
Robo Sally
Remote controled bomb disposal robot
Surveying and Indoor Mapping
Surveying and Indoor Mapping
Autonomous Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM)
Cannes Lions Festival of Creativity
Cannes Lions Festival
Live motion capture entertainment
Bounden – Mobile game with Xsens technology
Bounden
Mobile game with Xsens technology
Valedo – Back pain therapy with Xsens technology
Valedo
Back pain therapy with Xsens technology
Analysis of vehicle ingress and egress
Vehicle ingress and egress
Updated: Analysis of vehicle ingress and egress by the Coventry University.
Live motion capture at 2014 Winter Olympic Games closing ceremony
Live mocap entertainment
Live motion capture at 2014 Winter Olympic Games closing ceremony
Assessment of lumbar spine forces during maneuvering of different lift devices during patient handling
Lumbar spine forces during maneuvering
Assessment of lumbar spine forces during maneuvering of different lift devices
Study of Effects of Intent Recognition Errors on Neural Control of Powered Lower Limb Prostheses
Lower Limb Prostheses
Study of Effects of Intent Recognition Errors on Neural Control of Powered Lower Limb Prostheses
Brigham Young University – Owned
Brigham Young University – Owned
Making of a five minute short film in a highly collaborative, interdisciplinary environment
Protrain Taekwondo Mobile App
Protrain Taekwondo Mobile App
Building a mobile learning app within 2 months using Xsens MVN
Development and validation of an inertial sensor based human model with integrated compensation of errors
Human Kinematics software
Development and validation of an inertial sensor based human model with integrated compensation of errors
Chapman University: Some like it BOT!
Some like it BOT!
Chapman University: Some like it BOT!
Mr. Go
Mr. Go
Xsens distributor Motion Technologies provided the motion capture services for Mr. Go.
Xsens MVN enabled Augmented Reality
Augmented Reality
Augsburg University research: Xsens MVN enabled Augmented Reality.
Live motion capture performances at Marlboro Secrets Tour
Live motion capture
Live motion capture performances at Marlboro Secrets Tour
Identifying Psychological Focus of Attention Using Intra-Individual Movement Variability
Focus of Attention
Identifying Psychological Focus of Attention Using Intra-Individual Movement Variability by the University of Central Lancashire
Kaxan Games
Kaxan Games
Ruben Olvera, Production Coordinator at Kaxan Studios, talks about the use of Xsens motion capture.
Strange Company
Strange Company
With the use of the Xsens MVN suits Strange Company can release lots more films than they did before.
A normative data-set of Timed Up and Go component times under different conditions
Timed Up and Go
A normative data-set of Timed Up and Go component times under different conditions
Simulated binoculars for observed fire training
Simulated binoculars
Gavap is a company that specializes in simulation systems and equipment for firing instruction and training.
Xsens MTi-G GPS/INS in unmanned aircraft
Unmanned aircraft
Xsens MTi-G GPS/INS in unmanned aircraft to collect highly accurate flight data.
Real-time control of robot with Xsens MVN
Mahru
Real-time control of robot with Xsens MVN by the Korean Institute of Science and Technology (KIST).
Wireless measurement of scapular dyskinesis with IMMS
Scapular dyskinesis
Wireless measurement of scapular dyskinesis with IMMS by VU University Medical Center
Advanced Diagnosis and Assessment of Tremor
Assessment of Tremor
Advanced Diagnosis and Assessment of Tremor by University of Bristol.
Accelerometry-based prediction of Center of Pressure and Center of Mass during motor tasks
Center of Pressure and Mass
Accelerometry-based prediction of Center of Pressure and Center of Mass during motor tasks by the University of Bologna.
The effect of different shoes on aiming and shooting in archery
Aiming and shooting in archery
The effect of different shoes on aiming and shooting in archery by the University of Ljubljana
Aerospy and Xsens
Aerospy
Aerospy and Xsens to offer customers in the field of (un)manned systems a more easy to install solution.
Ted
Ted
On-set real-time motion capture for Seth MacFarlane hit movie Ted.
A novel wearable measurement system for ambulatory assessment of joint loading in the occupational setting
Wearable measurement system
A wearable measurement system for ambulatory assessment by Harvard School of Public Health.
Interactive Sonification of Human Movements for Stroke Rehabilitation
Stroke Rehabilitation
Interactive Sonification of Human Movements for Stroke Rehabilitation by the Leibniz University Hanover.
Human Behaviour Analysis: Fall detection
Fall detection
Human Behaviour Analysis: Fall detection by the University of Coimbra.
John Carter
John Carter
VFX companies Halon and Double Negative worked on the visual effects. Both companies used the Xsens MVN for this major project.
Previs for X-Men: First Class
X-Men: First Class
Previs for X-Men: First Class by The Previs Department of 20th Century Fox and The Third Floor.
Free Style 2 Street Basketball
Free Style 2
Motion capture for the game Free Style 2 Street Basketball.
Insomniac Games: Resistance 3
Resistance 3
Kevin Grow, Cinematics Director at Insomniac Games, talks about the animation pipeline for Resistance 3.
SkySails uses MTi to stabilize towing kite
SkySails towing kite
The innovative SkySails Propulsion System uses wind energy to reduce fuel costs and emission levels.
Vestel commercial
Vestel commercial
Saatchi & Saatchi and visual effects studio Unexpected created the new commercial for Vestel.
Warwick Mobile Robotics (Hexakopter)
Hexakopter
Warwick Mobile Robotics is a collection of projects under development at the University of Warwick in the field of mobile robotics.
Objective Functional Capacity Assessment using Xsens MVN System
Functional Capacity Assessment
Objective Functional Capacity Assessment using Xsens MVN System by the University of Wollongong
Skrillex: Live on stage!
Skrillex: Live on stage!
For his 2011/2012 world tour Skrillex introduced a live motion capture act to his onstage performance.
Grand Cooperative Driving Challenge (GCDC)
GCDC
Challenge of semi-autonomous cars in the sense that they are automatically controlled only in the longitudinal direction.
Stair climbing: a comparison with an optical tracking device
Stair climbing
Stair climbing: a comparison with an optical tracking device by King's College London.
MTi helps in predicting a thrown ball’s trajectory
Humanoid Rollin' Justin
MTi helps in predicting a thrown ball’s trajectory by the DLR’s Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics.
2008 Beijing Olympic Games
Olympic Games opening
2008 Beijing Olympic Games opening with Taichi and a "Jump Dragon" performance.
Movie: Paul
Paul
For the feature film ‘Paul’, the Xsens MVN motion capture solution was used by actor Seth Rogen.
Xsens MTi’s used in fleet of autonomous robots
WAMbot
Xsens MTi’s used in fleet of autonomous robots.
IMMS improves spasticity assessment in children with cerebral palsy
Spasticity assessment
IMMS improves spasticity assessment in children with cerebral palsy by VU University Medical Center
“Outwalk”: a novel protocol for clinical gait analysis based on inertial and magnetic sensors
Outwalk
“Outwalk”, with its high potential, can be spread in a...
New test in AEC jet shows performance increase in latest SDK
AEC jet
New test in AEC jet shows performance increase in latest MTi-G Software Development Kit.
Baseball pitchers analysis
Baseball pitchers analysis
Baseball pitchers analysis by INAIL Prostheses Centre.
CryoWing fixed-wing UAV
Fixed-wing UAV
CryoWing fixed-wing UAV by the Northern Research Institute in Norway (NORUT).
The New Art of Virtual Moviemaking
Autodesk
The New Art of Virtual Moviemaking
Wingsuit flight analysis using the MTi-G
Wingsuit flight analysis
Wingsuit flight analysis using the MTi-G by the Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control.
The Third Floor: Previzualization
Previzualization
This motion capture technology allows for an even greater level of character realism in our previs.
Extreme conditions
Extreme conditions
Management of resources in extreme conditions by the Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research.
Stroke patients
Stroke patients
Characterising patterns of muscle activation in stroke patients during walking
Sony Computer Entertainment: Killzone 2
Killzone 2
Xsens MVN used for development of first person shooter Killzone 2 by Guerrilla Games.
Racehorse lameness
Racehorse lameness
Fast, accurate and robust detection of lameness of racehorses.
Gearbox’ Borderlands
Borderlands
Late summer 2007, Gearbox Software came to an agreement with...
Hamster comes to life
Hamster motion capture
A CGI hamster was subsequently created and brought to life with Xsens MVN.
Stars on Ice
Animated billboard
An animated billboard for the Swedish television show 'stars on ice' by CG Sweden.
Performance Praga Khan
Praga Khan
MVN was used to its full advantage during a live theater performance by Belgian artist Praga Khan.
Unmanned Vehicle (DARPA Challenge)
Unmanned Vehicle
Unmanned Vehicle at DARPA Challenge by the University of Louisiana.
Stabilization of a walking robot
FLAME
Stabilization of a walking robot by the Delft University of Technology.
Control system for unmanned helicopter
Unmanned helicopter
Delft Dynamics develops control systems for manned and unmanned vehicles.

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